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What is glaucoma? What are the symptoms of glaucoma? Types of glaucoma? glaucoma treatment?

What is glaucoma?

Glaucoma is an eye disease. Where the optic nerve at the back of the eye is damaged. The function of this nerve is to connect the eye to the brain. Glaucoma is caused by the pressure on the eye caused by the accumulation of fluid in the front of the eye, according to the HS from the British Department of Health. If glaucoma is not treated at an early stage, it can lead to vision loss and blindness. People of all ages can develop glaucoma. However, people aged 70 to 80 years are more likely to be affected.

What are the symptoms of glaucoma?

Glaucoma does not have any symptoms in its early stages. It can only be detected by examination. Because it gradually builds up over many years and affects the eyesight. The line of sight, especially near your nose, is the first to be affected. It happens so slowly that people often don’t realize that their vision is changing. As the situation worsens, you will begin to realize that you can’t actually see anything around you.

If left untreated, glaucoma can lead to permanent blindness. Symptoms of glaucoma include blurred vision, seeing a rainbow-like circle around a bright light. Glaucoma can affect both eyes. However, one eye may be more affected. Glaucoma symptoms can start very suddenly and may include:
★Severe eye pain,
★ Nausea,
★ Vomiting and
★Redness of the eyes,
★Soft swelling around the eyes,
★Seeing circles around the light.

When to take glaucoma treatment?

If you have any doubts about your eyesight, definitely see a doctor. If you have glaucoma it is possible to cure it with early treatment. If left untreated, it can gradually lead to vision loss. And if the symptoms of glaucoma appear suddenly, consult a doctor without delay. It is a health emergency and many may require hospitalization and treatment.

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Types of glaucoma:

There can be different types of glaucoma, but the most common is primary open angle glaucoma. It builds slowly over many years. Glaucoma is caused by gradual obstruction of the eye’s drainage canal. Other glaucomas include “A Cute Angel Closure Glaucoma”. It is not very visible. When the drainage duct of the eye suddenly closes or becomes obstructed, pressure builds up in the eye and this is glaucoma.

“Secondary Glaucoma”
It is caused by an eye disease such as inflammatory eye disease or uveitis.

Glaucoma in children

A rare form of glaucoma that occurs in very young children. Glaucoma can be caused by abnormalities in the structure of their eyes.

Causes of glaucoma

Glaucoma can be caused by various reasons. Glaucoma usually occurs when the fluid in the eye doesn’t drain well, causing reverse pressure on the eye. This pressure damages the nerve that connects the eye to the brain, called the optic nerve. A number of factors can increase the risk of glaucoma. This includes “age”. The risk of glaucoma increases with age.


Africans, Caribbeans and Asians have a higher risk of glaucoma. After the age of 40 years, this risk develops.

Family: If any of your parents, brothers and sisters have glaucoma, then your risk also increases.

Health problems

For example, if there is any problem in the eyes in seeing near or far or if there is diabetes, they are more likely to develop glaucoma. It is not yet clear whether there is much that can be done to prevent glaucoma. However, regular eye examinations can detect glaucoma in its early stages. Which can be cured through treatment.

Glaucoma test

Regular eye exams can detect glaucoma even if there are no symptoms. An eye exam should be done every two years. Glaucoma can be diagnosed with a very quick and painless test. Such as vision test or test of how much pressure is on your eyes etc. If your test detects glaucoma, you should consult an ophthalmologist without delay.

Treatment of glaucoma

Once a person becomes blind due to glaucoma, their vision cannot be restored. However, if your vision is slightly reduced, it can be managed to prevent further loss through treatment. The type of treatment you need will depend on the type of glaucoma you have. Eye drops are used to treat glaucoma. It reduces the pressure on the eye, laser treatment, obstruction caused by eye drainage is removed. It also controls the production of less sebum in the eye.


Many times no eye surgery is done to increase the drainage of eye fluid. Vision lost in glaucoma cannot be restored, but treatment can prevent further loss of vision.

And so during the course of treatment, the medicine prescribed by the doctor should be taken regularly. Any side effects should be reported to the doctor. Regular eye exams should be done. If you are diagnosed, other family members should be tested. Because they may have this argument. Keep an eye on our website and YouTube channel for explanations and analysis on various health-related topics.



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