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Pneumonia in Children | How do you understand?

Pneumonia in Children: In the World, cold, cough or flu infection occurs at different times of the year, especially during the change of season. However, children suffer more from such problems in winter. According to doctors, the incidence of pneumonia in children is high during this winter. Pneumonia is one of the leading causes of child death worldwide.

According to the World Health Organization, pneumonia accounts for 14% of all under-five deaths worldwide each year. According to the organization’s latest data, more than 7 lakh children lost their lives to pneumonia worldwide in 2019. According to UNICEF, at least one child dies every 45 seconds due to the disease. A large number of children are affected by pneumonia in Bangladesh every year and many of them die. According to the latest data, more than 24 thousand children die every year due to pneumonia in Bangladesh.

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Children also suffer from long-term complications of pneumonia. Although pneumonia is fatal in children, the disease is curable. You should be aware in advance so that the child does not get pneumonia. If affected, treatment should be done at the right time.

how do you know if Pneumonia in Children? How can this disease be prevented? What do the doctors say?

You can know the details in our discussion today Pneumonia in Children

details in our discussion today Pneumonia in Children

Why does pneumonia occur?

Pneumonia is an infectious disease. Acute respiratory infections affect the lungs. Pneumonia can be caused by various infectious agents including viruses, bacteria, and fungi. Apart from this, pneumonia is also caused by TV disease germs.

What causes children to be affected by this disease?

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Pneumonia infection in children is mainly caused by various viruses, bacteria, fungi. One of these is “Streptococcus pneumoniae”. Streptococcus pneumoniae is the most common type of pneumonia in children caused by bacteria.

  • Haemophilus influenzae type b (
  • Viral pneumonia due to respiratory syncytial virus attack
  • Pneumonia due to Pneumocystis jiroveci.

Why are children more at risk of pneumonia?

Children suffering from severe malnutrition are prone to infectious diseases such as measles, whooping cough, children who have low immunity, especially those who do not receive enough or no breast milk after birth, their immunity is low. Low birth weight babies, premature babies or babies with congenital heart and lung disease are at higher risk of developing pneumonia. Children infected with HIV are more likely to develop pneumonia. In addition, environmental conditions such as indoor washing, such as fuel, wood, hay smoke, more members in the house, and parental smoking increase the risk of pneumonia in children.

Common symptoms of pneumonia:

Common symptoms of pneumonia

If the child’s fever is moderate to severe, cough, shortness of breath, shortness of breath, the child stops eating.

Physical symptoms:

Doctors say that some children may have other symptoms in addition to the general symptoms. For example:

*The child will be very upset,

  • Body temperature will rise suddenly,
    *Breathe through wide nostrils,
  • If the oxygen in the body decreases too much, the head will shake.
  • In acute condition, the heart will make noise,
    *The body may turn blue due to lack of oxygen.

What can be understood by looking at breathing ups and downs:

Doctors say, A child with pneumonia has very rapid breathing. Infants under two months of age may breathe 60 times a minute or more. A child with pneumonia aged two months to twelve months breathes 50 breaths per minute or more, and a child aged one to five years breathes 40 breaths per minute or more. In addition, with rapid breathing, the chest is pushed into the cage. Heart rate also increases. The child’s body becomes dull.

If these symptoms appear, consult a doctor as soon as possible. If necessary, he should be taken to the hospital. It should be remembered that no medicine can be given to children without a doctor’s prescription.

Ways of prevention:

Up to 6 months of age, the baby should be exclusively breastfed and after 6 months should be given complementary foods with balanced nutritional value in addition to breast milk, so that the baby’s immune system develops. It must be kept in mind that the child has received all the vaccinations.

Pneumonia should be vaccinated. Washing hands with soap means keeping the house clean and free from dust and pollution is very important. Children have a lower immune system than adults, so care needs to be taken when caring for a child. Hot and cold 2 periods should be kept so that the child does not get too cold or hot. Being aware can greatly reduce the chances of a child getting pneumonia.



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